The epistle’s recipients are not known for sure, with some arguing Jewish converts, and others arguing for gentiles. However, it can be concluded that the recipients were first-century Christians who were experiencing a situation that was causing them to have concerns—perhaps the persecution under Nero. The author, historically believed to be Peter, wanted to reassure the readers of their salvation and to encourage them to persevere through their trials.
There are many that profess to be Christian, but their lives do not reflect such faith. It is greatly concerning that it is likely that many “Christians” are false converts—those that want salvation, but their lack of genuine faith has left them unchanged.It is through true faith by which the person gives up their sinful desires to live as Jesus Christ showed us. While still imperfect, the person conforms to the image of Christ, day by day, compelled by their love for God. As all are destined to die, each person will also be judged. If each person’s judgment were based on their merit alone, then we all should live in great fear and trembling. Because of God’s great love, mercy, and grace, we do not have to face judgment on our own merit, but we may be judged by the merit of Jesus Christ. His death is the atoning sacrifice so that we do not receive the death we earned. His resurrection is the foreshadowing that we will also be raised on the last day, to spend eternity in Heaven. But if the person is not a Christian, they will be justly judged on their own merit, destined for the wrath of God.